European Hand Protection Standards
Protective Gloves : General Requirements
EN 420 2003 + A1:2009
This standard defines the general requirements for glove design and construction, innocuousness, cleaning instructions, electrostatic properties, sizing, dexterity, water vapour transmission and absorption along with marking and information.
Protective Gloves Against Mechanical Risks
EN 388 – 2016
EN388:2003 Standards specifies physical and mechanical aggression caused by abrasion, blade cut, tearing and puncture.
EN388:2016 updates the existing standard with this new test method for abrasion, blade cut & impact resistance. EN ISO 13997:1999 (TDM test) records cut results as a Newton value – the force of the blade on the glove material needed to cut through the material 20mm. The results are represented on a scale A-F.
Protective Gloves Against Thermal Risks (heat and/or fire)
EN 407: 2004
This standard specifies thermal performance for protective gloves against heat and/or fire. The heat and flame pictogram is accompanied by a 6 digit number.
Protective Gloves for Welders
EN 12477: 2001
This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for protective gloves for use in manual metal welding, cutting and allied processes. According to their performance, protective gloves for welders are classified into two types.
Type A: Lower dexterity (with higher other performance).
Type B: Higher dexterity (with lower other performance).
Protective Gloves: Mechanical Vibration and Shock
EN 10819: 1996
This European Standard specifies a method for the laboratory measurement, the data analysis and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of gloves in terms of vibration transmission from a handle to the palm of the hand in the frequency range from 31.5 Hz to 1250 Hz. The standard is intended to define a screening test for the vibration transmission through gloves.
Protective Gloves: Against Chemicals and Micro-Organisms
EN 3741: 2003
This European standard specifies the requirements for gloves to protect the user against chemicals and/or micro-organisms and defines terms to be used.
This European Standard specifies a test method for the penetration resistance of gloves that protect against chemicals and/or micro-organisms.
EN 3743: 2003
This European Standard specifies the determination of the resistance of protective glove materials to permeation by potentially hazardous nongaseous chemicals under the condition of continuous contact.
Gloves must prove that they are an effective barrier against liquids and microorganisms.
Performance levels are according to Acceptable Quality Levels (AQL) whereby samples are taken from a batch of gloves and tested during production for pinholes and leaks by either inflation with air or by filling with water.
Gloves must meet at least level 2, to be considered micro-organism resistant. (Level 1 = AQL 4.0) (Level 2 = AQL 1.5) (Level 3 = AQL 0.65)
The “Low Chemical Resistant” or “Waterproof” glove pictogram is to be used for those gloves that do not achieve a breakthrough time of at least 30 minutes against at least three chemicals from the defined list, but which comply with the penetration test.
Protective Clothing: Electrostatic Properties
EN 1149 1:2006
This European Standard specifies a test method for materials intended to be used in the manufacturing of electrostatic dissipative protective clothing (or gloves) to avoid incendiary discharge. This test method is not applicable for materials to be used in the manufacturing of protection clothing or gloves against mains voltages.
EN 1149 5:2008
Protective Clothing – Electrostatic Properties – Part 5.
Material Performance and Design Requirements.
This European standard is part of a series of standards for test methods and requirements for electrostatic properties of protective clothing. The standard specifies material and design requirements for garments used as part of a total earthed system, to avoid incendiary discharges. The requirements may not be sucient in oxygen enriched flammable atmospheres. This standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.
ESD gloves are used to divert static electricity. Surface resistivity is tested according to methods specified in EN1149-1 but test samples must meet the requirements of EN1149-5.
CE Food Safe
European legislation with respect to Food Contact Materials (Directive EC1935/2004) requires that food contact materials shall not transfer their ingredients to food and must not modify the organoleptic properties (ie. colour, smell, texture and taste) of the food. Products intended for food contact shall be labelled as such.
Protective Gloves Against Cold
EN 511: 2006
The European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for gloves which protect against conductive cold down to -50 degrees Celsius. This cold can be linked to the climate conditions or an industrial activity.
Protective Gloves: For Users of Hand Held Chainsaws
EN 381-7: 1999
This European Standard specifies the requirements for gloves for resistance to cutting by a chainsaw when assessed by the test method described in EN381-4. The requirements are also given for marking and for the provision of information to be supplied by the manufacturer including criteria for the selection of appropriate gloves and instructions for use.
Hand Protection Standards Explained
5.1 Mechanical protection
5.1.1 Cut Resistance
The new ASTM F2992-15 test method ensure uniform testing and compares gram scores for a given material. The sample is cut by a straight-edge blade, under load, that moves along a straight line. The sample is cut five times each at three dierent loads, a new blade is used for each cut and the data is used to determine the required load to cut through the sample at a specified reference difference. This is referred to as the cutting force, which is then equated to a cut level.
5.1.2 Puncture Resistance
When tested in accordance with Clause 6.4 of EN 388:2003 Protective gloves against mechanical risks, the gloves resistance against puncture shall be classified against the levels listed in Table 2, using the puncture force.
The average of a minimum of 12 specimens shall be used to report the classification level.
5.1.3 Abrasion Resistance
When tested in accordance with ASTM D3389-05, Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance or ASTM D3884-09, Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method), the gloves abrasion resistance shall be classified against the levels listed in Table 3 using the number of abrasion cycles to failure (test endpoint). These test methods shall be followed using H-18 abrasion wheels with a 500 gram load for levels 0 to 3 and a 1000 gramme load for levels 4 to 6.Using ASTM D3389-05 for coated glove fabrics or unsupported gloves, the end point at which the glove material is determined to fail shall be at the number of abrasion cycles just before the film or coating has a hole abraded through it. Using ASTM D3884-05 for coated glove fabrics, the end point shall be when the first thread or yarn is broken.The average of a minimum of 5 specimens shall be used to report the classication level.
5.4 Heat and Flame Protection
5.4.1 Ignition Resistance and Burning Behaviour (or After-Flame Time)
When tested in accordance with ASTM F1358-08, Test Method for Effects of Flame Impingement on Materials Used in Protective Clothing Not Designated Primarily for Flame Protection, the glove materials ignition resistance and burning behaviour shall be classified against the levels listed in Table 6, using ignition time and burn time. In order to be classified at a specific level, the glove material shall meet each of the criteria at that specific level. The average of a minimum of 3 specimens shall be used to report the classification level.
When tested in accordance with EN420:2003, Protective gloves- General requirements and test methods, clause 6.2, the dexterity shall be classified against the levels in Table 9, using smallest diameter of the pin that can be picked up. The average of 4 pairs of gloves shall be used to report the classification level.
5.4.3 Conductive Heat Resistance
When tested in accordance with ASTMF1060-08 Test Method for Thermal Protective Performance of Materials for Protective Clothing for Hot Surface Contact, the gloves conductive heat resistance shall be classified against the levels listed in Table 8. Classification of glove performance shall be based on the contact (surface) temperature at which both the time-to-second degree burn is equal to or greater than 15 seconds, and the alarm time is greater than 4 seconds. The average of a minimum of 5 specimens shall be used to report the classification level.